Paul Ham, Vietnam — The Australian War, HarperCollins, Sydney, 2008. The National Service Act 1964, passed on 24 November, required 20-year-old males, if selected, to serve in the Army for a period of 24 months of continuous service (reduced to 18 months in 1971), followed by three years in the Reserve. Andy Blunden, 20, a civil engineering student, burns his national service registration card at an anti-conscription rally outside the residence of Prime Minister Harold Holts, 21 March 1966 Demonstrators both men and women and police emerged from the riots covered with blood and with torn clothes. Public support for the war remained strong when Prime Minister Harold Holt visited Washington on 29 June 1966 and told President Lyndon B Johnson that Australia was ‘all the way with LBJ’. From 1968 onwards, the US, Australia and other invading governments were on the In a bid to stop the vans pulling out 50 students staged a sit-down in front of the driveway. Labor politician Dr Jim Cairns addressing the first moratorium: Australia sent 60,000 defence personnel to Vietnam from 1962 to 1972. During that time, protests, both violent and peaceful, began. 1970: Moratoriums to protest Australian involvement in Vietnam War. Conservatives were strongly opposed, among them Billy Snedden, Minister for Labour and National Service, who described it as ‘political bikies who pack-rape democracy’. View of anti-Vietnam war protestors around the Lincoln Memorial reflecting pool on 21 October 1967. The most visible leader of the moratorium movement was Shadow Minister for Trade and Industry Dr Jim Cairns, whose charisma and intellect galvanised thousands of anti-war activists. As the war continued, with no end in sight, a wider range of people began to object to the war on moral grounds. These events were dominated more by left-wing extremists, and fewer people attended. The movement against the Vietnam War in the late 1960s and early 1970s was unlike anything Australia had ever seen. Michael Caulfield, The Vietnam Years — From the Jungle to the Australian Suburbs, Hachette, Sydney, 2007. The Defence Act was amended in May 1965 to provide that conscripts could serve overseas. ONE CLICK TO GET NEW MATILDA DELIVERED DIRECT TO . The moratorium took its cue from the US moratorium in October 1969, in which more than 500,000 Americans protested in 1200 cities and towns. Black, red and white badge with "VIETNAM MORATORIUM / WITHDRAW ALL TROOPS NOW" around the rim. The moratorium movement drew in a disparate range of groups opposed to the war — clergy, teachers, academics, unions, politicians and school students. The violence started at 5.45 when the protesters hauled down the American flag and burnt it in front of the consulate. At police headquarters, police armed with batons charged the demonstrators to break them up. The Australian population was younger, better educated and more affluent than ever before, and it was emerging, along with the rest of the developed world, from the turbulent 1960s, which had put an end to automatic deference to authority. For much of the war, opinion polls showed that most Australians were against conscripts serving in Vietnam even though they broadly supported the war itself. The government’s rationale was to stop the spread of communism and strengthen the country’s ties with our most important strategic ally, the United States.

The Vietnam War was a war fought between North and South Vietnam in the 1960s and the 70s. But they are not the only ones who have turned out. Not all Australians supported it; because of the unprecedented size and intensity of the protest many found it threatening. When Johnson visited Australia later that year, huge crowds turned out to greet him. Initially, the decision had broad support from the public and media. The demonstrators were mainly students from Melbourne, Latrobe and Monash universities, backed up by members of anti-Vietnam organisations, including a number of trade unionists. Australia was involved in the Vietnam War because of two main factors; one was fear of communism and the other was due to the ANZUS treaty. A major short-term cause of the Vietnam War protests was the involvement of New Zealand troops. The word ‘moratorium’, in this sense, meant a halt to business as usual. They were screamed down with the cry, “If the police want to fight, they have a fight.”. Photograph: Leif Skoogfors/Getty Images … The Vietnam moratorium protests, the first of which took place on 8 May 1970, were the largest public demonstrations in Australia’s history at the time. Following the success of moratorium rallies held in American cities in 1969, citizen groups joined forces to … The moratoriums were an indication of a broad collapse in public support for the war. Anti-Vietnam War Protests Also Outraged Politicians, Conservatives And Media… 0 By Jeff Sparrow on October 15, 2019 Civil Society DON’T MISS ANYTHING! Holyoake was reluctant to commit troops and was drawn into the Vietnam War due to the pressure from America to uphold the ANZUS and SEATO treaty’s, which had been signed in 1951 and 1954. There are those who support the war, curious onlookers, and members of the press. The demonstrators split into leaderless groups trying to stop police vans from leaving the consulate yard loaded with arrested demonstrators. Pendant and chain, Anti-Vietnam War, metal, maker unknown, Australia, 1965-1975. The police were restrained and the crowds watching them cheered. Vietnam, a nation in Southeast Asia on the eastern edge of the Indochinese peninsula, had been under French colonial rule since the 19th century. The largest event was in Melbourne where 70,000 marched peacefully down Bourke Street, led by Cairns. It was seen by those taking part as a non-violent protest and proved to be the largest and most sustained in Australia’s history. Opposition to the Vietnam War Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War began in 1962 when 30 military advisers were deployed to support South Vietnamese forces. Graeme Henderson, a 23-year-old reporter at 3AW in 1970, took his Super-8 camera to the first Moratorium march. This website contains names, images and voices of deceased Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Above all he recognised how important it was that the marches, which advocated peace, be peaceful themselves. Henderson said unlike some anti-war protests, there was an air of calm that day. The Australian Government’s decisions to send a team of military advisers in 1962, and then ground forces in 1965 were motivated by strategic and economic interests. Donations poured in. When France was forced out of Vietnam in 1954, the country was divided between the communist north and a quasi-democratic (though corrupt and dictatorial) south. But no exit date had been stated, and Australia’s position was clearly dependent on what the US was going to do. It is unlikely that the moratoriums directly affected the government’s decision to withdraw troops from Vietnam, which Prime Minister John Gorton (who succeeded Holt in 1969) had already started to do and Gough Whitlam promptly completed when he swept to power in 1972. See more ideas about vietnam protests, vietnam, vietnam war. Many older demonstrators who had joined the students and many women appealed to the rioters to stop fighting with police and march back into the city. Michael E Hamel-Green ‘The resisters: A history of the anti-conscription movement’, in Peter King (ed), Australia’s Vietnam — Australia in the Second Indo-China War, Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1983. By January 1970, the US was showing signs of withdrawing from Vietnam, as was Australia. However, it was opposed by Labor, the more militant unions and a small faction of anti-war groups. Australia and the Vietnam War by Peter Edwards In this landmark book, award-winning historian Peter Edwards skillfully unravels the complexities of the global Cold War, decolonization in Southeast Asia, and Australian domestic politics. Whereas the veterans of the world wars were welcomed home as heroes, both regular soldiers and national servicemen were occasionally accosted, spat at and insulted by protesters. Find out about the attitudes of the public to the war in the 1960s and 1970s, and how it shaped the Australian Government's decision to be involved in the war.

Opposition to the war also grew as national servicemen were killed and wounded in the course of their service. A bloodied protester is led away by the policeCredit:Fairfax Media. Similar events took place in Sydney, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth, Hobart and dozens of rural towns. Anti-Vietnam War protests Anti-Vietnam War protesters stage the first moratorium marches in Australian cities (70,000 in Melbourne, and about 120,000 throughout Australia). The moratoriums also helped launch women’s liberation. In 1965, when a few hundred anti-Vietnam War protesters in Sydney, Melbourne and Canberra staged Australia’s first ever sit-down demonstrations, the … Anti-Vietnam War Demonstrations (including Australia's first sit down demonstration) and protests outside Central Police Court, Liverpool St, Sydney, NSW 24.jpg 800 × 539; 61 KB Anti-Vietnam War protest at Wynyard Street, Sydney, NSW 1.jpg 2,318 × 3,500; 672 KB Fairfax remembers the demonstration 50 years on. But there were signs of unrest. The US, Australia and New Zealand had signed the ANZUS treaty in 1951 and it was hoped that by showing a commitment to the American plan in Vietnam, Australia would secure more comprehensive protection against communism, as well as an improved trade relationship. Australia's participation in the war was formally declared at an end when the Governor-General issued a proclamation on 11 January 1973. Twice police intercepted these squads, and before the violence had subsided they had confiscated four large cans. Women were heavily involved in all three moratoriums. Other people were trampled underfoot by protesters as they tried to escape the horses. Jan 20, 2019 - Explore Larry Hellie's board "Vietnam Protests", followed by 137 people on Pinterest. One had his hand badly slashed by a razor as he tried to drag a demonstrator away from the consulate flag pole. It came soon after the 1969 Coalition election victory, which meant for many people there would be little shift in government policy on Vietnam for at least three years. The arrival of the Australian Army Training Team Vietnam (AATTV) in South Vietnam during July and August 1962 was the beginning of Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War. The 1964-1972 anti-Vietnam anti-conscription movement was specifically aimed at ending Australia’s intervention in Vietnam and the associated conscription scheme. Jeffrey Grey, ‘Protest and dissent: Anti-Vietnam War activism in Australia’, in Jeff Doyle, Jeffrey Grey and Peter Pierce (eds), Australia’s Vietnam War, Texas A&M University Press, 2002. In Melbourne police baton-charged protesters and in Sydney 173 people were arrested. The initial phase culminated in the very intense 1966 election campaign in which the Liberal Coalition government sought to bolster its Vietnam War intervention by inviting US President Lyndon Johnson to visit Australia in the lead up to the election. As the war progressed Australians were less convinced by the original rationale that China and communism posed a direct threat. A protester with an American flag, City Square, Melbourne.

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