So that. ... Compound-Complex. If you want to teach or learn Complex sentences beginning with independent clauses usually do not need commas unless the … the "grammar is fun" bug.- Andrea, Teacher. Identifying Independent and Dependent Clauses. adverb clause. New Port Richey, FL To connect independent and dependent clauses, you need dependent marker words and/or subordinating conjunctions. All Rights Reserved. The independent clause in a complex sentence carries the main meaning, but either clause may come first. The main clause is the first clause in each sentence, and the subordinate (or dependent) clause is the second. 3. Since the weather is so beautiful, I will go for a walk. A dependent clause, also called a subordinating clause, does not form a complete thought and […] Even if. 4. See the following example. Here we go! They are introduced by wh- words or words that you can call noun clause markers. Tags: Question 13 . --> Click here to download the free Beginner's Guide to Grammar. 345 times. Dependent adverb clauses act as adverbs. A subordinate clause (dependent clause) is also a group of words that contains both a subject, but this kind of clause cannot stand alone as a complete thought. A dependent clause also called a subordinate clause is a group of words that forms part of a sentence. Let's look at some examples. What is a complex sentence? A subordinate clause cannot stand alone. lays everything out and allows you to move at your own pace. If the subordinate clause comes before the main clause, use a … An independent clause forms a complete thought. A complex clause consists of at least two clauses, one of which is subordinate to the other. The Subordinate Clause and the Complex Sentence While a compound sentence is made by combining independent clauses, a complex sentence is made by combining an independent clause with one or more subordinate clauses (also called dependent clauses): Example of a Complex Sentence: If I finish work early, I'll go shopping. Her lessons are guaranteed to give you more confidence in your communication skills and make you smile. They are joined to independent clauses with subordinating conjunctions. There are a few misconceptions about complex sentences. If the subordinate clause comes first, you must add a comma. Subordinating Conjunctions List. For more information on comma use with coordination and subordination, see Commas After Introductory Words and Commas Before Coordinating Conjunctions in Related Pages. Note: As you can see from the two sentences above, a comma is used in the first one but not in the second one. Correct:  If you go, you must bring a hat. Types of Subordinate Clauses and Sentences DRAFT. It has a subject and a verb, but does not express a complete thought, making it a dependent clause that cannot stand independently as a complete sentence. mammons. Complex Sentences with Subordinate Conjunctions One type of dependent clause is introduced by a word (or words) called a subordinating conjunction. When. This is not needed if the independent clause comes first. After. Both example sentences are complex sentences. The plot of the film was very interesting, as he had told us. Words That Begin Subordinate Clauses. 2. Basically, a subordinate clause cannot function as a complete sentence. There can be two independent clauses (each having a subject and predicate), or an independent clause and dependent clause (missing a subject or predicate). This website displays best in Chrome, Edge, Firefox, and Safari web browsers. Click here to see how I can help you. Let's explore these in a little more detail so that you can better understand complex sentences. Here are some examples: She fell asleep because she was tired. Now that. ... We can structure complex sentences with the independent clause first, as in: Unless. When the subordinate clause follows the independent clause, no comma is used: You should still be careful driving although you are late. The two clauses in each sentence have been separated by a vertical line. Whenever. While. A clause is a group of words that has both a subject and a verb. 3. In each example, we have italicizedthe independent clause to guide you. Save. The really funny thing about subordinate clauses is that the whole clause comes together to do the job of one part of speech. This is an independent clause because it's a complete sentence containing a subject and a verb and fully expressing an idea. Complex sentences are made up of one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. 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